Slovakopedia

Czechoslovakia

www.slovak.org

Country in Europe (1918-1992)

Czechoslovakia

On the 28th October 1918, the first Czechoslovak Republic was formed on the ruins of the Austrian-Hungarian Kingdom. Its first President Tomas Garigue Masaryk was the first President (retired in 1935), who wanted to create a modern unitary democratic state in Central Europe. In the treaty of Munich (1938) and then in 1939, the country was divided into two parts and some districts were occupied by neighboring states. After the World War II, the Czechoslovak Republic was re-established and in 1960 renamed to Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. In 1969 it became a federation of the Czechoslovak
Socialist Republic and in 1990 the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic. After secret negotiations between Vaclav Klaus and Vladimir Meciar (the leaders of the strongest parties in both parts of Czechoslovakia) and without asking the public opinion, the country was peacefully split in 1993. The 28th October remained the state holiday in the Czech Republic, not in Slovakia. However, most people commemorate this important day of the history.

 

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